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Clarification — BMAP legal challenge


Current Status of the Wekiva River Basin BMAP: Our Position

Six springs advocacy groups have appealed a ruling by an Administrative Law Judge in February, 2021, that upheld the Basin Management Action Plans (BMAPs) developed by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP). The plans that were appealed include the BMAPs for Blue Springs, Rainbow & Silver Springs, Suwannee River, and the Sante Fe River.

The FOWR did not appeal the ruling upholding the Wekiwa & Rock Springs BMAP because the Septic Tank Remediation Plan within the Wekiva & Rock Springs basin would take effect sooner if we did not appeal. The Remediation Plan would require all existing septic tanks on lots less than one acre within the Priority Focus Area (PFA) to be either connected to a central sewer system or upgraded to reduce effluent nitrogen concentrations within 20 years from the date the BMAP is adopted. The Plan would also require that if existing septic tanks needed to be repaired or replaced, they must either be connected to sewer within 5 years or upgraded to reduce effluent nitrogen.

Unfortunately, the Septic Tank Remediation Plan has not yet gone into effect because the BMAP required that 3 conditions must be met. The first condition was that local governments must complete a wastewater feasibility analysis. Apopka and Orange County are currently working on theirs. The second condition was that funding must be available to offset the cost to homeowners. The state’s Springs Protection funding satisfies this condition. The third condition was that the Florida Department of Health must complete their rule-making for in-ground nitrogen-reducing biological filters. With FDEP taking over the septic tank permitting program from the Department of Health, the rule-making process was started all over again, so that condition has not been satisfied. At this point, FDEP has not issued a timeline for adopting that rule.

So the Septic Tank Remediation Plan for Wekiwa & Rock Springs is not yet in effect. FOWR will continue to monitor the progress. The BMAP provides that the Septic Tank Remediation Plan must be implemented no later than 5 years after the BMAP is adopted. Because FOWR did not appeal the ALJ’s ruling, the Wekiwa & Rock Springs BMAP was formally adopted by FDEP on May 18, 2021. Therefore, the Septic Tank Remediation Plan should go into effect in May, 2026 at the latest.

The good news is that Orange County is moving forward with their septic to sewer plan in the Wekiwa Springs basin. The plan will provide central sewers in 20 neighborhoods that are located southwest of, and within a short travel time from, Wekiwa Springs. This 12-year program will eventually connect 2,057 homes to central sewers. Funding for the program is being provided, in part, by FDEP and the St. Johns River Water Management District through the Springs Protection grants.

State of the River Report – March 2022


State of the River Report March 2022

Update on Little Wekiva River and Legislative Study Report

FOWR continues to advocate for remediation of the portion of the Little Wekiva River

downstream from State Road 434 that has been severely damaged by massive sediment

accumulations in the last few years. Here are the latest updates:

Seminole County’s proposed a remediation project is in the permitting process with

Saint Johns River Water Management District (SJRWMD). This project will include

removal of invasive plants, removal of deposited sediments that have filled in portions

of the river channel, recontouring of historic meanders, and replanting with beneficial

native plant species. The proposed remediation area is approximately 4000 feet in

length and 20 acres total. The project is expected to begin during February or March,


On December 31, 2021, SJRWMD issued its final report of the Little Wekiva River study

that was requested during the 2021 legislative session. The report has both positive and

disappointing aspects. Despite strong technical comments presented by FOWR, there

was no acknowledgment in the report of apparent major contribution of the I-4

Ultimate construction to the Little Wekiva River sedimentation. The report concluded

that “scientific evidence is lacking to determine the contribution of sediment load from

any individual sources, current or historic. In short general accumulation and

movement patterns strongly suggest that aggregate effects of basin urbanization,

particularly prior to modern stormwater rules, are responsible for the majority of

historic and current sediment issues.”

The report recommends projects and further studies and monitoring including site-

specific monitoring for sediment at stormwater outfalls and inputs. “In short, sediment

removal projects such as dredging and properly located and managed sediment traps,

should be the focus of future projects to best improve sedimentation issues in the river.

Furthermore, consistent and long-term in-stream maintenance activities (e.g., sediment

removal, invasive plant control, etc.) are vital.” The report notes that changes in rainfall

patterns and more frequent and intense tropical storms could have multiple impacts to

the basin and that SJRWMD is accordingly evaluating enhanced permit review and

compliance for the Wekiva Basin. FOWR will continue to work with SJRWMD and others to explore further studies, legislation and preventive measures that can help address sedimentation of the Little Wekiva and other Florida rivers.


Seeking to annex land within the Wekiva Study Area, Eustis has amended its

comprehensive plan and adopted new development rules that allow more

intensive development within areas zoned as residential and commercial. The

land east of the city that is being targeted is, according to the Florida Geologic

Survey, one of the most effective recharge areas for the Floridan Aquifer. The

city has eliminated the rural residential and agricultural zoning categories, and

will allow higher density development and more impervious area within


The Friends of the Wekiva River spoke against the proposed changes at a City Commission meeting, but the changes were adopted in spite of the opposition. FOWR is now working with the Lake County Conservation Committee to oppose the proposed annexations east of the city limits. If approved for annexation, the higher density development and reduced pervious area would reduce the recharge of the Floridan Aquifer and the surficial aquifer that supplies water to Blackwater Creek, a major tributary of the Wekiva River.

Wekiva Parkway Bridges Crossing the Wekiva River Nears Completion

At a recent meeting of the Wekiva Parkway Commission, Florida Department of Transportation District Secretary Jared Perdue stated that the Parkway from east of Mount Plymouth to Seminole County, including the bridges over the Wekiva River, will be open to traffic in the late spring of this year. Construction from the Wekiva River to Orange Boulevard in Seminole County is proceeding and will open in the summer or fall of this year.

Because the Wekiva is a Wild and Scenic River, the new bridges over the Wekiva River were designed to be compliant with the Wild and Scenic Act. Workshops with federal, state, local interests and the Wekiva Wild and Scenic River Management Committee established guidelines for the construction of the bridges. As a result, the bridges now span the entire width of the river and there are no piers in the river impeding the flow of the river. This wide span will also permit wildlife to pass under the bridges. All construction was from above, so no work took place in the river except for removal of the numerous piers associated with the old bridge. The new bridges are higher than the former bridge to improve the view as one approaches the bridges while paddling on the river. Sounds of traffic will be less for the surrounding area than in the past.

We look forward to the completion of the Wekiva Parkway.